Design Patterns - Flyweight


// Design Patterns - Structural - Flyweight:

Flyweight pattern is primarily used to reduce the number of objects created and 
to decrease memory footprint and increase performance. This type of design 
pattern comes under structural pattern as this pattern provides ways to decrease 
object count thus improving the object structure of application.

Flyweight pattern tries to reuse already existing similar kind objects by 
storing them and creates new object when no matching object is found.  We will 
demonstrate this pattern by drawing 20 circles of different locations but we 
will create only 5 objects. Only 5 colors are available so color property is 
used to check already existing Circle objects.

Create a limited set of objects, and reuse them.  This is related to the Prototype
pattern because they are both intended to improve performance.

// Step 1: Create an interface.
public interface Shape {
   void draw();

// Step 2: Create concrete class implementing the same interface.
public class Circle implements Shape {
   private String color;
   private int x;
   private int y;
   private int radius;

   public Circle(String color){
      this.color = color;        

   public void setX(int x) {
      this.x = x;

   public void setY(int y) {
      this.y = y;

   public void setRadius(int radius) {
      this.radius = radius;

   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Circle: Draw() [Color : " + color + ", x : " + x + 
        ", y :" + y + ", radius :" + radius);

// Step 3: Create a factory to generate object of concrete class based on given 
// information.
public class ShapeFactory {
   private static final HashMap<String, Shape> circleMap = new HashMap();

   public static Shape getCircle(String color) {
      Circle circle = (Circle)circleMap.get(color);

      if(circle == null) {
         circle = new Circle(color);
         circleMap.put(color, circle);
         System.out.println("Creating circle of color : " + color);
      return circle;

// Step 4: Use the factory to get object of concrete class by passing an 
// information such as color.
private static final String colors[] = { "Red", "Green", "Blue", "White", "Black" };
public static void main(String[] args) {

  for(int i=0; i < 20; ++i) {
     Circle circle = (Circle)ShapeFactory.getCircle(getRandomColor());
private static String getRandomColor() {
  return colors[(int)(Math.random()*colors.length)];
private static int getRandomX() {
  return (int)(Math.random()*100 );
private static int getRandomY() {
  return (int)(Math.random()*100);
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